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JKM > Volume 39(4); 2018 > Article
J Korean Med. 2018;39(4): 62-73.         doi: https://doi.org/10.13048/jkm.18035
A Study on the Effectiveness of Herbal Medicine Treatment for 755 Traffic Accident Patients-A Retrospective Review According to the Type of Herbal Medicine Prescription
Jae Ryong Bae1  , Hun Mo Ahn1  , Ju Hee Roh1  , Min Gun Jo1  , Hye Ryeon Kim2  , Seon Hye Kim2  , Won Suk Sung2  , and Eun Jung Kim2 
1The Korean Academy of Medical Gi-Gong
2Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University
Corresponding Author: Eun Jung Kim ,Tel: +82-31-710-3751, Email: hanijjung@naver.com
Received: November 23, 2018;  Revised: December 3, 2018.  Accepted: December 3, 2018.
Objectives: This study conducted a retrospective review to compare the effectiveness of herbal medicine, while confirming the effectiveness of Korean medicine (KM) in traffic accidents (TA).
Methods: We investigated the medical records of TA patients who were hospitalized at Muuido Korean medicine hospital from January 2016 to June 2018 retrospectively. Medical records included general characteristics (Gender, age), TA & treatment-related information (Collision type, chief complaint, hospitalization period, and herbal medicine prescription), and clinical scales (Five-scale improvement, numerical rating scale (NRS)). Statistical analysis was performed for data distribution and effectiveness comparison.
Results: 755 TA patients showed 0.78:1 gender ratio. 20-50s years old, rear collision, pain in the cervical and lumbar spine, and hospitalization period within 14 days were the majority. KM improved 83.18% of 755 TA patients’ symptoms and ROM over ‘improvement’ level, which indicated 30-70% improvement. With common KM treatments including acupuncture, cupping, heat therapy, and manipulation therapy, TA patients received various herbal medicines and herbal medicine for breaking severe blood stasis (Tongdo-san) showed improvement in both five-scale improvement and NRS change at the same time.
Conclusions: We could confirm the effectiveness of KM, particularly herbal medicine in TA. It would be necessary to develop new herbal medicines such as Tongdo-san to treat TA-related symptoms.
Keywords: Korean medicine (KM) | effectiveness | herbal medicine | Tongdo-san | traffic accident (TA)
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