Ethics Rules for Research in the Oriental Medicine

Established on April 22, 2011
Chapter 1. General Provisions

Article 1 (Purpose)
To codify the ethics rules and standards for academic activities specified in Article 4 of the rules of the Korean Oriental Medical Society (hereafter, the Society).
Article 2 (Object)
These rules apply to any who take part in publishing The Journal of Korea Oriental Medicine (hereafter, the Journal), a publication of this society, including authors who submit, reviewers, and editorial board members.
Article 3 (Scope)
All research papers submitted and published through this Society shall fall within the guidelines of this Society except as otherwise expressly provided. Article 4 (Submission of a written oath for observance of research ethics rules) All authors who wish to submit research papers should sign and submit a 'written oath for observance of research ethnics rules' when they apply to the Journal. This should be done according to the provided form.
Chapter 2. Author Ethics

Article 5 (Author's Qualification)
The author should be involved in the research planning, data collection, analysis of data, and manuscript writing. One who contributes to the revision of main points while writing a research paper can be one of the listed authors so long as it is not against the copyright law. First author is the one who writes a draft by producing and analyzing the core data related to the relevant paper to the greatest extent. Corresponding author is the one who takes the whole responsibility for the research paper and is under an obligation to communicate with readers as a person who approves a final draft. Co-author means the remainder of authors besides the first and corresponding authors. One who only offers the data or research funds, or consultant service in a research group cannot be regarded as an author.
Article 6 (Equality in Research)
The author should not be treated discriminatingly in qualification as he or she takes responsibility for his or her research. The order of authors should be decided without fear or favour according to the level of contribution to the research regardless of relative status.
Article 7 (Observance of the Relevant Regulations)
Authors should obey the regulations related to the research paper. Especially, they should respect intellectual property rights such as patent or copyright.
Article 8 (Veracity of the Research)
Authors should perform all research and academic behavior honestly and accurately.
Article 9 (Achievement and Responsibility)
Authors should be acknowledged for achievements in only his/her research paper which he/she performs or contributes, and takes responsibility for the research content.
Article 10 (Obligation of Proof-reading)
Authors should take measures to revise mistakes quickly by adopting the proper means if serious mistakes are found in the research paper after submission.
Article 11 (Preservation of Research Notes)
The author should record sincerely the process and results of research in the experiment log or research notebook and keep them for three years after publication in the Journal.
Chapter 3. Examlner Ethics

Article 12 (Respect for an Author's Character)
Examiners should respect the character of an author as a specialized intellectual and examine any research paper submitted as the intellectual fruit accordingly.
Article 13 (Observance of the Rules of Evaluation)
Examiners should follow the principles related to the research paper examination fixed by the editorial committee.
Article 14 (Objectivity of Evaluation)
The examiner should evaluate a research paper submitted for evaluation fairly according to his/her scholarly conscience and objective standards, excluding his/her personal academic belief or personal acquaintance with an author. The examiner should inform the editorial committee of the situation without delay if he or she has a conflict of interest or other impediment to evaluating a research paper.
Article 15 (Prohibition of Double Evaluation)
The examiner should inform the editorial committee of the fact when a research paper submitted for evaluation has already been published or under evaluation in another journal.
Article 16 (Secrecy Rules)
The examiner should not release any information about an author of a research paper under evaluation or the content of paper, or use it personally. The examiner should act with utmost caution so that the contents of a paper evaluated are not quoted in other research before it is published in the Journal.
Chapter 4. Ethics of the Editorial Board

Article 17 (Rights)
The editorial staff has all rights and responsibility about the publication of submitted papers.
Article 18 (Observance of Editing Rules)
The editorial staff shall observe rules related to editing set by the “Rules related to Editing and Evaluation for Paper Publication in The Journal of Korean Medicine”. The editorial staff should act with utmost caution so that unfairness related to editing is not suggested among members.
Article 19 (Observance of Secrecy related to Editing)
The editorial staff shall not release information about an author or contents of a paper known related to editing.
Article 20 (Identification of Violation and Duty to Report)
The editorial director should identify and defer the publication of a paper until investigation is complete, if a problem of research ethics related to the relevant research paper is suggested in the process of a work given to the editorial board. Then, the editorial director should submit violations against research ethics of the relevant research paper in writing form to the research ethics committee.
Chapter 5. Research Ethics Committee

Article 21 (Purpose)
This rule defines the clause related to the composition and management of the Research Ethics Committee (hereafter, the Committee) of this society.
Article 22 (Authorities)
The Committee has authorities as follows.
① Enactment and revision of the research ethics code.
② Discussion and decision related to violations against research ethics, and disciplinary action.
③ Discussion about other clauses related to research ethics within the Society.

Article 23 (Structure and Term)
The Committee is composed as follows.
① The committee is composed of 5 members including a chairperson.
② The Chairperson is appointed by the president of the Society.
③ The academic and editing director become ex officio members.
④ Other committee members are recommended by the Chairperson and appointed by the president of the Society.
⑤ The term of each committee member is 2 years, and can be reappointed. []
⑥ The assistant administrator is decided as the editing director.

Article 24 (Obligations)
The Committee has obligations as follows.
① The committee should maintain confidentiality related to the points discussed (the identities of informant, examinee, examiner, testifier, and people involved in consultation).
② The committee should discuss and deal with any violations against research ethics before the publication of the next Journal.
③ The committee should keep minutes of meetings and report the examination result to the board of directors.

Article 25 (Meeting Management)
Meetings and decisions shall be set as follows.
① Committee meetings can be called by the chairperson or at the request of more than one-third of the present members.
② The decision of the Committee is made by the agreement of a majority of present members. The vote of any members absent due to unavoidable reasons can be identified by an additional process set by the chairperson.
③ The results of the decision of the Committee come into effect after they pass the meeting of the board of directors.

Article 26 (Consideration)
Consultation with the relevant department within the society can be made for discussion about research ethics issues. An outside specialist may be appointed as a [committee] member when specialized professional knowledge is necessary for the discussion.
Chapter 6. Handling of Violations

Article 27 (Report of Violation)
Members of the society, people involved in the publication of the Journal, and general researchers can report a violation when it is believed that members of the society or people involved in the publication of the Journal have explicitly violated the rules of research ethics. It is a principle to report the violation under their real names.
Article 28 (Protection for Secrecy of Informant and Examinee)
All the people involved in issues about research ethics shall keep confidential the identities of the informant and examinee. The informant will lose such protection if the information reported turns out to be false.
Article 29 (Obligation of Notice)
The Society shall report issues related to violations against research ethics of the informant and examinee.
Article 30 (Obligation of Examinee)
Members reported because of a violation against rules of research ethics or people involved in the publication of the Journal shall cooperate with the investigation conducted by the research ethics committee.
Article 31 (Tips for Violation Investigation)
The research ethics committee can decide the procedure and method of the investigation autonomously within the contents of “Guidelines for securing research ethics (September 9, 2009)”, clause 141 of an order enacted by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology.
Article 32 (Guarantee for Equality of Calling Opportunity)
People who report a violation against research ethics and examinee reported have equal opportunities for the statement of their views, suggestion of doubts and opposition, and defense.
Article 33 (Application for Withdrawal)
The informant and examinee can apply for withdrawal of a specific ethics committee member by giving reasons when it is reasonable to anticipate unfairness in discussion and decision conducted by that committee member. However, the validity of an application for withdrawal follows the decision of the research ethics committee.
Article 34 (Application for Re-examination)
Re-examination can be requested in writing by the informant or examinee within 14 days after they receive the notice, if they do not accept the decision of the research ethics committee.
Article 35 (Measure for Recovery of Impaired Reputation)
This society should take appropriate measures to recover the impaired reputation of the examinee if it is determined that there is no violation against the rule for research ethics.
Article 36 (Occurrence of the Effect of Disciplinary Action)
Disciplinary action comes effective by the decision and official announcement of the board of directors.
Chapter 7. Type of Research misconduct

Article 37 (Research Misconduct)
The following actions are against ethics rules for research.

1. Subrogation
The author's research activities are not real. Data collection and information handling for a research paper are managed by other people or a paper is written by other people.

2. Plagiarism
It is against the intellectual property right of the other if opinions, ideas, or research results already published by others are used in a research paper or book without any proper approval or mark of source. However, there is no need of any quotation marks if using the research results of others which have already been released in textbooks, documents of public organizations, or books and used as general knowledge.

3. Forgery
The research data or result which does not exist is fabricated.

4. Falsification
The research contents or results distorted by fabricating or deleting research material, equipment, or processing by artificial means.

5. Self-plagiarism
This means to publish by dividing contents of a research into several (more than 2) papers or to make another different research paper with the same or similar conclusion by adding some different data to a research paper already published.

6. Duplicate Submission and Publication
A research paper previously published (including the paper intended for publication or under evaluation) at home and abroad is submitted as a new paper or published as a specialty book by expressing or re-organizing it again in the same or different language without distinction of the objectivity. It is not considered to be against ethics rules if a paper with a different class of readers, or the working article or abstract in a conference and seminar is recognized as the second publication.

7. Unfair Indication of an Author
Failing to give the necessary author credential to one who has made an academic contribution in a research paper or book without a valid reason, or reversely, to grant qualification as an author to one who has not made any academic contribution.

8. Inappropriate Indication of Quotation and Reference
The source of quotation should be stated clearly in the sentence with a series of words (more than 6 words) cited in a paper through the footnote (except the experimental method). It is not allowed that an author pretends to have quoted from original text directly by using a reference used in other's research as the source of quotation in his/her research paper.

9. Tampering with a Research Notebook
This means to tampering with the research notebook by falsifying or deleting data in the notebook.

10. Interference in Business
This corresponds to the case that an author does not cooperate with the investigation of an offense in relation to the research ethics, does an informant harm, or spreads information different from the truth, or false information on purpose or as a grievous fault.

11. Unjust Execution of the Research Fund
An author has pointed out the unjust usage of the benefited research fund by the supporting agency as he executes research funding wrongly.

Chapter 8. Disciplinary Action

Article 38 (Types of Disciplinary Action)
Disciplinary action is taken according to the degree of violation against research ethics.
① Warning against the observance of research ethics.
② Rejection of the publication (only when identified in advance)
③ Deletion of the relevant paper from the Journal.
④ Prohibition of submitting a paper to the Journal for 3 to 5 years (all the authors related to the paper)
⑤ Notice of violations to an author's affiliated organization or National Research Foundation Korea (NRF)
⑥ Suspension of membership

Chapter 9. Clause Enactment

Article 39 (New Rules and Revision)
Creation and revision of rule clauses shall be approved by the board of directors; the rule comes into effect as soon as it is approved.
Article 40 (Others)
All clauses not specified in the rules follow the general practice and the discussion and decision of the research ethics committee.
Chapter 10. Supplementary Provisions

Supplementary Provisions 1 (Commencement Date)
These rules become effective on April 22, 2011.

Supplementary Provisions 2 (Terms of Ethics Committee)
The term of the ethics committee members appointed immediately after the commencement of these rules conforms to the term of the present president of the society.

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