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JKM > Volume 44(1); 2023 > Article
Kim and Jeon: Three Cases of Frozen Shoulder Treated with Hominis Placenta Pharmacopuncture and Chuna Manual Therapy



The purpose of this study is to report the effect of hominis placenta pharmacopuncture and chuna manual therapy in patients with frozen shoulder.


Frozen shoulder was treated with hominis placenta pharmacopuncture and chuna manual therapy, and the overall shoulder pain was measured by visual analog scale (VAS), and the range of motion (ROM) of shoulder movement was evaluated by measuring passive abduction and external rotation and active hand to shoulder blade test.


After the treatment, overall shoulder pain was reduced, and ROM of passive abduction and external rotation was increased.


The above results show that hominis placenta pharmacopuncture and chuna manual therapy can be used as an effective treatment for frozen shoulder.

Fig. 1
Recover coordination between humerus and scapula
Fig. 2
Recover glenohumeral joint repositioning
Table 1
Changes of Visual Analog Scale & Range of Motion in Case 1
Date of Visit Visual Analog Scale Shoulder Abduction Passive ROM Shoulder External Rotation Passive ROM
2022.10.01 (1st) 8 100 50
2022.10.06 (3rd) 5 120 50
2022.10.14 (5th) 4 150 60
2022.10.21 (7th) 1 180 70
2022.10.26 (10th) 3 170 70
Table 2
Changes of Visual Analog Scale & Range of Motion in Case 2
Date of Visit Visual Analog Scale Shoulder Abduction Passive ROM Shoulder External Rotation Passive ROM
2022.09.13 (1st) 10 80 30
2022.09.21 (3rd) 8 80 30
2022.09.28 (6th) 6 100 40
2022.10.04 (9th) 5 150 50
2022.10.10 (12th) 3 170 50
Table 3
Changes of Visual Analog Scale & Range of Motion in Case 3
Date of Visit Visual Analog Scale Shoulder Abduction Passive ROM Shoulder External Rotation Passive ROM
2022.07.13 (1st) 7 180 40
2022.07.29 (5rd) 6 180 40
2022.08.10 (10th) 4 180 70
2022.08.26 (15th) 5 180 80
2022.09.07 (20th) 1 180 85
Table 4
Clinical Diagnostic Criteria of the Frozen Shoulder
  • Painful stiff shoulder for at least 4 weeks

  • Severe shoulder pain that interfered with successful performance of activities of daily living or work activities

  • Night pain

  • Painful restriction of both active and passive elevation less than 100 and 50% restriction of the external rotation (at the side)

  • Normal radiological appearance

  • No secondary causes


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