Home | Register | Login | Inquiries | Alerts | Sitemap |  

Advanced Search
JKM > Volume 41(3); 2020 > Article
Yu, Han, and Yun: A Literature Study on the Combination of acupoints of HANGYEOK and YEOLGYEOK in the Saam Acupuncture Method



The objective of this study is to review the methods of combining acupoints of HANGYEOK(Cooling Mode) and YEOLGYEOK(Heating Mode) in Saam Acupuncture Method.


We searched and investigated the journals and literatures by OASIS(Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine) and relevant searching engines with the key word “Saam, Hangyeok, Yeolgyeok”. Unfortunately there was no relevant articles on this theme except six literatures. Six literatures with the key words relevant to Saam and acupuncture were selected and analyzed according to each composition of acupuncture prescription especially focusing on HANGYEOK and YEOLGYEOK.


Analyzing HANGYEOK and YEOLGYEOK of 12 meridians, two different methods emerged. In HANGYEOK to treat Heat Pattern, one method is to tonify Water points and directly sedate Fire points. The other is also to tonify Water point, but sedate Earth points instead of Fire points. It is assumed that Earth sedation method is to eradicate the underlying Fire. In only Heart meridian and Pericardium meridian there is one method to treat Heat Pattern: Water tonification and Fire Sedation. In YEOLGYEOK to treat Cold Pattern, there is one method to tonify Fire points and sedate Water points. In Pericardium meridian and Triple Energizer meridian there are some different combination of acupoints depending on literatures.


Considering HANGYEOK and YEOLGYEOK in Saam Acupuncture Method, two methods are mainly discussed in HANGYEOK; Water Tonification Fire Sedation and Water Tonification Earth Sedation. To remove the underlying Fire, it is regarded that Water Tonification Earth Sedation is appropriate and close to Saam’s thought.

Fig. 1
HANGYEOK(Water Tonification, Earth Sedation) 寒格(補水瀉土)
Fig. 2
HANGYEOK(Water Tonification, Fire Sedation) 寒格(補水瀉火)
Table 1
Literatures Concerning HANGYEOK and YEOLGYEOK in Saam Acupuncture Method
N Method Author(Year), Reference
N=4 Sa-am-do-in-chim-gu-yo-kyul Method Choi MG(2009)[2]
Cha YC(2018)[3]
Kim HK(2000)[4]
Lee TH(1975)[5]

N=3 Sa-am-do-in-chim-gu-jeong-jeon Method Choi MG(2009)[2]
Cha YC(2018)[3]
Hur JW(2001)[6]

N=2 Water-Fire acupoints Choi MG(2009)[2]
Dep. AM(2009)[7]
Table 2
HANGYEOK of Lung Meridian and Large Intestine Meridian
Table 3
HANGYEOK of Stomach Meridian and Spleen Meridian
Table 4
HANGYEOK of Heart Meridian and Small Intestine Meridian
Table 5
HANGYEOK of Bladder Meridian and Kidney Meridian
Table 6
HANGYEOK of Pericardium Meridian and Triple Energizer Meridian
Table 7
HANGYEOK of Gall Bladder Meridian and Liver Meridian
Table 8
Method of Cooling Mode of Saam Acupuncture Method
Table 9
YEOLGYEOK of Lung Meridian and Large Intestine Meridian
Table 10
YEOLGYEOK of Stomach Meridian and Spleen Meridian
Table 11
YEOLGYEOK of Heart Meridian and Small Intestine Meridian
Table 12
YEOLGYEOK of Bladder and Kidney Meridian
Table 13
YEOLGYEOK of Pericardium and Triple Energizer Meridian
Table 14
YEOLGYEOK of Gall Bladder and Liver Meridian
Table 15
Method of Heating Mode of Saam Acupuncture Method


1. Lee BH, Lee SN, Kim DJ, Kim JW, Lim SC, Jung TY, et al. A study on the Fixed- and Transformed-pattern of Saam Acupuncture Treatment. The Journal of Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion Society. 2008; 25:5. 17–25.

2. Choi MG. Experienced Use of Saam Acupuncture Method. Seoul: Uiseongdang;2009. p. 450(Korean).

3. Cha YC. Saam’s thinking. Seoul: Koonja;2018. p. 261(Korean).

4. Kim HK. The amazing meridian system treated by Saam Acupuncture Method. Seoul: Singmulchujang;2000. p. 267(Korean).

5. Lee TH. Sa-am-do-in-chim-gu-yo-kyul. Seoul: Haenglim;1975. p. 252(Korean).

6. Hwang JH, Jeong HY. Sa-am-chim-gu-jeong-jeon. 2nd volume. Daegu: Seoklim;2003. p. 349(Korean).

7. Dep. of Meridian & Pointology Society. All colleges of Korean Medicine in Korea (compilation). Meridian & Pointology for College. Wonju: Uibang;2009. p. 715(Korean).

8. Jin JP. Clinical Application Hunag Di Nei Jing Redaing Book. Seoul: Beopin Publishing Co;2009. p. 349(Chinese, Korean).

PDF Links  PDF Links
Full text via DOI  Full text via DOI
PubReader  PubReader
Download Citation  Download Citation
Editorial office contact information
3F, #26-27 Gayang-dong, Gangseo-gu Seoul, 157-200 Seoul, Korea
The Society of Korean Medicine
Tel : +82-2-2658-3627   Fax : +82-2-2658-3631   E-mail : skom1953.journal@gmail.com
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Developed in M2PI