The Study of the Relation Between the Body Mass Index and the Dam-Bangkwang Body of Hyung-Sang Medicine in Patients over 45 Years of Age

Article information

J Korean Med. 2015;36(3):65-72
1Korean Medicine Hospital, Pusan National University
2Dept. of Integrative Medicine, School of Korean Medicine, Pusan National University
3Dept. of Internal Medicine, Korean Medicine Hospital, Pusan National University
Correspondence to: 권정남(Jung-nam Kwon), 경남 양산시 물금읍 금오로 부산대학교 한방병원 한방내과, Tel: +82-55-360-5666, E-mail:
Received 2015 June 01; Revised 2015 September 22; Accepted 2015 September 25.



Shape of face has relations with body shape and body weight in the Korean medicine. We investigated a correlation between a body mass index (BMI) and Dam-Bangkwang Body of Hyung-Sang medicine.


The subjects were 244 adults aged from 45 to 64. A facial shape diagnostic equipment was used to classify Bangkwang Body or Dam Body. Statistical analyses were performed with the SPSS program to compare the correlation of BMI in each group.


We measured BMIs of the subjects who have Dam Body or Bangkwang Body which ranges were 22.53±2.83 and 24.43±2.90, respectively. The BMIs of Dam body subjects were significantly higher than those of Bangkwang Body subjects statistically (P<0.001). In order to verify our hypothesis, we also speculated BMIs of the obese with a BMI over 25. The BMIs of Bangkwang Body subjects were also higher than those of Dam Body subjects (P=0.001). With the width of the face of all subjects, we found that Bangkwang Body subjects whose the width of the face was relatively long had higher levels of BMI and obesity than Dam Body subjects whose height of the face was relatively long.


The BMI of the Bangkwang Body is statistically higher than the Dam Body.

General Characteristics According to Dam-Bangkwang Body

Comparison of BMI, Body Fat Rate According to Dam-Bangkwang Body. And Obesity

Comparison of BMI and Obesity According to Sex


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Table 1.

General Characteristics According to Dam-Bangkwang Body

Variable Dam Body Bangkwang Body P value
All participants 40 (16.4%) 204 (83.6%)

  Male 9 (6.4%) 131 (93.6%) <0.001**
  Female 31 (29.8%) 73 (70.2%)

Age(years of age)
Mean±SD 53.10±4.82 54.22±5.07 0.201

Metabolic Syndrome
  Yes 9 (22.5%) 69 (33.8%) 0.160
  No 31 (77.5%) 135 (66.2%)

  Yes 10 (25.0%) 43 (21.1%) 0.582
  No 30 (75.0%) 161 (78.9%)

  Yes 4 (10.0%) 20 (9.8%) 0.970
  No 36 (90.0%) 194 (90.2%)

  Yes 9 (22.5%) 25 (12.3%) 0.087
  No 31 (77.5%) 179 (87.7%)

Pulse Rate(bpm)
Mean±SD 71.40±11.58 69.38±9.55 0.241

Age(**p<0.01) and pulse rate represent the Mean±SD by independent t-test. The other variables are expressed by using chi-square test.

Table 2.

Comparison of BMI, Body Fat Rate According to Dam-Bangkwang Body. And Obesity

Variable Dam Body (n=40) Bangkwang Body (n=204) P value
Mean±SD 22.53±2.83 24.43±2.90 <0.001**

BMI<25 33 (82.5%) 113 (55.4%) 0.001**
BMI≧25 7 (17.5%) 91 (44.6%)

Body Fat Rate(%)
Mean±SD 27.96±7.49 27.18±6.94 0.546

BMI(**p<0.01) and body fat rate represent the Mean±SD by independent t-test. Each obesity group(*p<0.05) is expressed by using chi-square test.

Table 3.

Comparison of BMI and Obesity According to Sex

Variable Male (n=140) Female (n=104)

Dam Body (n=9) Bangkwang Body (n=131) P value Dam Body (n=31) Bangkwang Body (n=73) P value
BMI (kg/m2)
Mean±SD 23.18±2.62 24.77±2.59 0.077 22.34±2.90 23.82±3.32 0.033*

BMI<25 6 (66.7%) 65 (49.6%) 0.322 27 (87.1%) 48 (65.8%) 0.026*
BMI≧25 3 (33.3%) 66 (50.4%) 4 (12.9%) 25 (34.2%)

BMI represents the Mean±SD by independent t-test(*p<0.05). Each obesity group is expressed by using chi-square test(*p<0.05).