Home | Register | Login | Inquiries | Alerts | Sitemap |  

Advanced Search
JKM > Volume 41(3); 2020 > Article
Kye and Kim: A Study on Methods of Acupuncture Points Combination and Hierarchy Concept of Acupuncture Prescription(鍼 處方) in Korean Medicine(韓醫學)



This study is to understand and develop Acupuncture treatment in Korean Medicine(韓醫學).


Firstly, the definitions of Acupuncture Prescription(鍼 處方) and Methods of Acupuncture Therapies(鍼法) were clarified. Secondly, the results from the researches of previously existing Acupuncture Prescriptions(鍼 處方) were analyzed.

Results & Conclusions

Acupuncture Prescription(鍼 處方) represents the results achieved from combining Acupuncture Points(腧穴) according to the symptoms of diseases. Methods of Acupuncture Therapies(鍼法) denote methodologies for proposing Acupuncture Prescriptions(鍼 處方) which were accomplished by combining Acupuncture Points(腧穴) based on a specific theory.
The existing methods of combining Acupuncture Points(腧穴) derived from the analysis of Acupuncture Prescription (鍼 處方) have a meaning in suggesting a direction for acupuncture treatments. However, deficiencies still exist to restore the absence of universality and objectivity in acupuncture treatment. Researches on Methods of Acupuncture Therapies(鍼法) based on the principle are required accordingly.
The concept of hierarchy exists in Acupuncture Prescription(鍼 處方) and it ranks Acupuncture Points(腧穴) as primary and secondary according to the indications of the Acupuncture Points(腧穴). Since there is the time difference in needling process, the concept of hierarchy is fulfilled through the needling procedure.

Fig. 1
Analysis of Acupuncture and Moxibustion Prescription in 『A study of Clinical Prescription of Acupuncture and Moxibustion(臨床鍼灸處方學)』5)
Fig. 2
Analysis of Acupuncture and Moxibustion prescription in 『A study of Prescription of Acupuncture and Moxibustion』14)
Fig. 3
Treatment approaches in ‘Western medical acupuncture’15)
Table 1
How to Propose Acupuncture Prescriptions(鍼 處方) in 『A study of Clinical Prescription of Acupuncture and Moxibustion(臨床鍼灸處方學) 』 Presented in 『A study of Prescription of Acupuncture and Moxibustion』
『臨床鍼灸處方學』 『침구처방학』
左右配穴法 巨刺法·繆刺法
遠近配穴法 三部配穴法順經取穴法
內外配穴法 陰陽配穴法
Table 2
Comparisons between ‘Western medical acupuncture’ and ‘Acupuncture Treatments in Korean Medicine(韓醫學)’
서양의학 관점 침’ 『침구처방학』 비고
직접적접근 국소 (local) 局所取穴法
분절 (segmental) 神經幹配穴法巨刺法·繆刺法
간접적접근 분절주위 (perisegmental) 隣近取穴法巨刺法·繆刺法
원위 비분절(distant non-segmental) 과전신적 (general) 遠隔取穴法五腧配穴法上下配穴法팔다리에 끝에 있는 경혈로 배혈하는 방법
미시체계 (microsystem) 자극 부위에 따른 자침법9)
Table 3
Frequently Used Methods of Acupuncture Therapies (鍼法) Presented in 「A Survey About the Recognition Regarding the Korean Acupuncture Method and Research Direction」7)
자주 사용하는 침 치료법 (중복응답) 인원수 %
체침요법 914 71.5
사암침법 647 50.6
동씨침법 599 46.9
오행침법 245 19.2
이침요법 221 17.3
약침요법 175 13.7
봉독요법 145 11.3
평침화침법 126 9.9
상대성침법 68 5.3
수지침법 39 3.1


1. White A, Cummings M, Filshie J. Introduction. Filshie J, White A, Cummings M, editors. Medical Acupuncture:A Western Scientific Approach. 2nd ed. Seoul: Hanmi Medical Publishing Co;2019. p. 3–5.

2. Park JE, Oh DS, Shin SH, Choi JY, Koo CM, Kim AR, et al. Analysis of Recent Trends in Clinical Research Publications on Acupuncture and Moxibustion Studies. Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine. 2007; 13:2. 101–12.

3. Park JE, Jung HJ, Kim AR, Jung SY, Hwang HS, Choi SM. Current State of Pain Treatment in Oriental Medicine. The Journal of Korean Medicine. 2011; 32:2. 23–41.

4. Heo JS, Yang SY, Lim SA, Lee JM, Kang JY, Sun SH, et al. A manual acupuncture treatment attenuates common cold and its symptoms:a case series report from South Korea. Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine. 2016; 36:6. 724–9.

5. Ryu CR, Cho MR, Kim JP. 2nd rev. edA study of Clinical Prescription of Acupuncture and Moxibustion(臨床鍼灸處方學). Daejeon: Jumin Publishing Co;2006. p. 1–40.

6. Choi SM. Discovery and triangular position of Korean acupuncture and moxibustion treatment techniques. Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine Research Report;2005. p. 1–118.

7. Han CH, Park JE, Ahn SW, Choi SM. A Survey about the recognition regarding the Korean acupuncture method and research direction. The Journal of Korean Medical history. 2005; 18:1. 89–101.

8. Yoo JH, Kim YY, Park KH, Jang ES, Lee SW. A Study on the Sasang Constitutional application of Clinical Acupuncture. Korean Journal of Oriental Medicine. 2010; 16:3. 15–22.

9. Committee of textbook compilation in Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion medicine Society. 2nd rev. edThe Acupuncture and Moxibustion 2. Gyeonggi Province:Jibmundang. 2008. p. 283–316. p. 527–39.

10. Editorial department of MinjungBookstore. 6th rev. edEssence Korean language dictionary. Gyeonggi Province: Minjungseorim Co;2016. p. 2274

11. Institute of traditional medicine. Dictionary of Oriental medicine(東洋醫學大辭典). Seoul: Seongbosa;2000. p. 702p. 2357

12. Compilation committee of Dictionary of Korean medicine. Dictionary of Korean medicine. Seoul: Jungdam Publishing Co;1998. p. 1610–1.

13. Lee KW. 3rd rev. edEdited, annotated and translated Huangdi’s Internal Classic-Plain Questions(編注譯解 黃帝內經素問). 3:Seoul: Yeokang;2010. p. 497–9.

14. Chae MS. A study of Prescription of Acupuncture and Moxibustion. Seoul: Bubin Publishing Co;2013. p. 18–40.

15. Cummings M. Western medical acupuncture-the approach to treatment. Filshie J, White A, Cummings M, editors. Medical Acupuncture: A Western Scientific Approach. 2nd ed. Seoul: Hanmi Medical Publishing Co;2019. p. 95–7. p. 102–3.

16. Her J. Translation of Donguibogam(東醫寶鑑). Gyoungsangnam-do: Donguibogam publisher;2005. 146:p. 803p. 956

17. Kim H. A Study on the Origin of “醫者意也”. The Journal of Korean Medical history. 1999; 19:2. 249–61.

18. Baek DJ. Sincheon clinical acupuncture(信天臨床鍼法). Seoul: Jungdam Publishing Co;2004. p. 3

19. Kye KY, Kim BS. A Study on Consideration of the Concept and the Directions in Further Research of Meridian Points(經穴) Based on Symbloic Mathematical Study(象數學). The Journal of Korean Medicine. 2020; 41:2. 9–22.

20. Lee BH, Lee SN, Kim DJ, Kim JW, Lim SC, Jung TY, et al. A study on the Fixed- and Transformed-pattern of Saam Acupuncture Treatment. The Journal of Korean Acupuncture & Moxibustion Society. 2008; 25:5. 17–25.

21. Kim DH. Pictorial and historical researched Sa-am acupuncture therapy(圖解校勘 舍岩道人鍼法). Busan: Sogang Publishing Co;2008. p. 18

22. Kim SC, Kim SH, Noh SH, Park SD, Byun SH, Suh BI, et al. 2nd rev. edFormula Study(方劑學). Seoul: Yeongrim Publishing Co;1999. p. 40

23. Lǚ YE, Lǚ YQ, Lǚ YD. Clinical theory of acupuncture point’s pair(臨床對穴論). Daejeon: Jumin Publishing Co;2006. p. 17–8.

PDF Links  PDF Links
Full text via DOI  Full text via DOI
PubReader  PubReader
Download Citation  Download Citation
Editorial office contact information
3F, #26-27 Gayang-dong, Gangseo-gu Seoul, 157-200 Seoul, Korea
The Society of Korean Medicine
Tel : +82-2-2658-3627   Fax : +82-2-2658-3631   E-mail : skom1953@daum.net
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Developed in M2PI