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JKM > Volume 40(1); 2019 > Article
Hyun and Jin: A Study on the Development of the Near Poor Families’ Children

Abstract

Objectives

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the development of the near poor Families’ Children via learning disability indices, frontal executive function.

Methods

Seventeen children (10 boys, 7 girls, 6.6–11.9 years) from the near poor Families’ were enrolled in this study. Children were evaluated for a learning disability and frontal executive function.

Results

In Learning disability indices, 3 children showed low scores in subscales and 2 children showed low scores in learning quotient. In Frontal executive function, 3 children showed low scores in CCTT (Children’s Color Trails Test) and 11 children showed low scores in STROOP (Stroop Color and Word Test).

Conclusions

Intensive management, educational programs, and additional neuropsychological tests will be needed in children with low learning scores.

Table 1
Characteristics of the Subjects
Boys Girls Total
Number 10 7 17
Age (year) 10.43 8.59 9.67
Table 2
Learning Disability Evaluation Scale by K-LDES
Boys Girls Total
Listening 11 ± 2.14 12 ± 2.30 11.47 ± 2.20
Thinking 10.88 ± 2.53 11.43 ± 2.50 11.13 ± 2.45
Speaking 10 ± 4.66 11 ± 2.38 10.47 ± 3.68
Reading 9.63 ± 3.73 11 ± 2.71 10.27 ± 3.26
Writing 11.12 ± 2.30 11 ± 2.58 11.07 ± 2.34
Spelling 9.63 ± 3.50 10 ± 2.08 9.80 ± 2.83
Mathematical calculation 11.63 ± 2.33 11.57 ± 2.57 11.60 ± 2.35
Learning Quotient 103 ± 15.78 106.57 ±12.49 104.67 ± 13.96

1) K-LDES: Korean version of Learning Disability Evaluation Scale

Table 3
Frontal Executive Function by CCTT, STROOP
Boys Girls Total
CCTT CCTT-1 51.5 ± 12.42 48 ± 9.59 50.06 ± 11.16
CCTT-2 53.7 ± 10.64 51.43 ± 7.12 52.76 ± 9.16
Interference index 55.8 ± 6.53 52.29 ± 8.24 54.35 ± 7.25
STROOP Word 57.1 ± 9.51 48.43 ± 8.90 53.53 ± 10.00
Color 55.1 ± 9.45 45.14 ± 11.13 51 ± 11.05
Color-word 45.8 ± 9.44 44.43 ± 13.30 45.24 ± 10.81
Interference score 40.1 ± 6.95 47.57 ± 7.48 43.18 ± 7.91

1) CCTT: Children’s Color Trails Test

2) STROOP: Stroop Color and Word Test

Table 4
Relation between Learning Quotient by K-LDES and Frontal Executive Function
value Learning Quotient
CCTT CCTT-1 pearson 0.315
P 0.253
CCTT-2 pearson 0.582*
P 0.023
Interference index pearson 0.344
P 0.209
STROOP Word pearson 0.299
P 0.280
Color pearson 0.175
P 0.533
Color-word pearson 0.236
P 0.398
Interference score pearson −0.058
P 0.837

1) K-LDES: Korean version of Learning Disability Evaluation Scale

2) CCTT: Children’s Color Trails Test

3) STROOP: Stroop Color and Word Test

참고문헌

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