Home | Register | Login | Inquiries | Alerts | Sitemap |  


Advanced Search
JKM > Volume 36(3); 2015 > Article
Jeong, Kim, Chung, Namkung, Ann, and Park: Survey on Relationship among Health Relating Factors Sasang Constitution and Stress

Abstract

Objectives:

The objective of the present study was to assess the factors that influence the health of workers, especially nurses, and to propose methods for health management.

Methods:

A total of 246 nurses were surveyed to ascertain the health status score, Sasang constitution diagnosis, health-related life and job factors, psychosocial stress, and job stress. Depending on their health status score, the subjects were categorized into unhealthy, intermediate, or healthy groups, and each factor was compared with the stress score of the groups. Further, each Sasang constitution factor was also compared with the stress scores.

Results:

Analysis based on the health status scores indicated that the patients in the intermediate group were older and had longer tenure than those in the unhealthy or healthy groups. The healthy group had higher number of married individuals, and they were subjectively assessed as healthy. Patients in this group were more satisfied with their work than those in the unhealthy group. Analysis of the Sasang constitution showed that a lower percentage of individuals with a Soeumin constitution were married, and most considered themselves to be unhealthy during the subjective health assessment.

Conclusions:

The findings of this survey revealed that in order to maintain health, efforts should be made to improve the work environment, achieve health confidence, and practice health behavior while considering one’s own body, mental state, and constitution.

Table 1.
Health-related Life and Job Factors according to Health Status
Health status

Unhealthy (N=41) Intermediate (N=167) Healthy (N=38) Total (N=246) p-value
Age (yr) 28.10±5.63a 31.45±7.59b 28.26±5.45a 30.40±7.15 .003

Sex
  Men 0 (0.0%) 5 (83.3%) 1 (16.7%) 6 (100.0%) .536
  Women 41 (17.1%) 162 (67.5%) 37 (15.4%) 240 (100.0%)

Married
  Yes 34 (21.1%) 99 (61.5%) 28 (17.4%) 161 (100.0%) .009
  No 7 (8.2%) 68 (80.0%) 10 (11.8%) 85 (100.0%)

Regular exercise
  Yes 2 (7.1%) 21 (75.0%) 5 (17.9%) 28 (100.0%) .355
  No 39 (17.9%) 146 (67.0%) 33 (15.1%) 218 (100.0%)

Sleeping time (hr)
  less 7 28 (19.3%) 99 (68.3%) 18 (12.4%) 145 (100.0%)
  7–8 11 (12.2%) 60 (66.7%) 19 (21.1%) 90 (100.0%) .312
  more 8 2 (18.2%) 8 (72.7%) 1 (9.1%) 11 (100.0%)

Self assessment
  healthy 2 (5.3%) 19 (50.0%) 17 (44.7%) 38 (100.0%) <.001
  intermediate   26 (15.3%) 124 (72.9%) 20 (11.8%) 170 (100.0%)
  unhealthy 13 (34.2%) 24 (63.2%) 1 (2.6%) 38 (100.0%)

Career period (yr) 6.34±4.66ab 8.14±6.74b 5.63±4.20a 7.46±6.17 .034

Shiftwork
  Yes 38 (19.3%) 130 (66.0%) 29 (14.7%) 197 (100.0%) .084
  No 3 (6.1%) 37 (75.5%) 9 (18.4%) 49 (100.0%)

Duty post
  Ward 32 (18.7%) 111 (64.9%) 28 (16.4%) 171 (100.0%) .293
  Others 9 (12.0%) 56 (74.7%) 10 (13.3%) 75 (100.0%)

Work satisfaction
  Yes 13 (9.2%) 98 (69.5%) 30 (21.3%) 141 (100.0%) <.001
  No 28 (26.7%) 70 (65.7%) 7 (7.6%) 105 (100.0%)

All values are given as means±standard deviation or number.

N, number, ;

a b c, duncan grouping.

Table 2.
Psychosocial and Job Stress Scores with Life and Job according to Health Status
Health status p-value
Unhealthy (N=41) Intermediate (N=167) Healthy (N=38) Total (N=246)
Psychosicial stress score 50.32±5.46 49.97±4.92 49.10±4.64 49.89±4.97 .525
Job stress score 60.59±6.19 59.89±4.44 60.50±5.46 60.10±4.92 .625

All values are given as means±standard deviation. N, number.

Table 3.
Correlation between Total Health Status Score and Partial Health Status Score, Psychosocial and Job Stress Scores
Total HSS Physical HSS Mental HSS Spiritual HSS Social HSS Psycosocial SS Job SS
Total HSS .818** .884** .747** .827** −.075 −.018
Physical HSS .818** .640** .444** .454** .062 .044
Mental HSS .884** .640** .587** .639** −.077 −.068
Spiritual HSS .747** .444** .587** .690** −.164* −.039
Social HSS .827** .454** .639** .690** −.146* −.016
Psycosocial SS −.075 .062 −.077 −.164* −.146* .356**
Job SS −.018 .044 −.068 −.039 −.016 .356**

All values are given as correlation coefficient. HSS, Health status score; SS, Stress score;

** , p<.01;

* , p<.05;

Table 4.
Health Status Score according to Sasang Constitution
Sasang constitution

Soyangin (N=55) Taeeumin (N=66) Soeumin (N=61) Total (N=182) p-value
HSS 106.47±16.08 105.74±15.64 106.69±11.55 106.28±14.47 .929

HSS
  Unhealthy 10 (34.5%) 12 (41.4%) 7 (24.1%) 29 (100.0%) .461
  Intermediate 33 (26.8%) 44 (35.8%) 46 (37.4%) 123 (100.0%)
  Healthy 12 (40.0%) 10 (33.3%) 8 (26.7%) 30 (100.0%)

All values are given as means±standard deviation or number. HSS, Health status score.

Table 5.
Health-related Life and Job Factors according to Sasang Constitution
Sasang constitution

Soyangin (N=55) Taeeumin (N=66) Soeumin (N=61) Total (N=182) p-value
Age (yr) 29.42±5.80 29.68±7.24 32.21±7.77 30.45±7.10 .057

Sex
  Men 0 (0.0%) 4 (80.0%) 1 (20.0%) 5 (100.0%) .103
  Women 55 (31.1%) 62 (35.0%) 60 (33.9%) 177 (100.0%)

Married
  Yes 41 (35.0%) 45 (38.5%) 31 (26.5%) 117 (100.0%) .020
  No 14 (21.5%) 21 (32.3%) 30 (46.2%) 65 (100.0%)

Regular exercise
  Yes 5 (27.8%) 9 (50.0%) 4 (22.2%) 18 (100.0%) .399
  No 50 (30.5%) 57 (34.8%) 57 (34.8%) 164 (100.0%)

Sleeping time (hr)
  less 7 31 (29.8%) 42 (40.4%) 31 (29.8%) 104 (100.0%)
  7–8 22 (31.4%) 19 (27.1%) 29 (41.4%) 70 (100.0%) .164
  more 8 2 (25.0%) 5 (62.5%) 1 (12.5%) 8 (100.0%)

Self assessment
  healthy 9 (36.0%) 14 (56.0%) 2 (8.0%) 25 (100.0%)
  intermediate 40 (31.5%) 42 (33.1%) 45 (35.4%) 127 (100.0%) .026
  unhealthy 6 (20.0%) 10 (33.3%) 14 (46.7%) 30 (100.0%)

Career period (yr) 6.27±4.55 7.42±6.53 8.44±6.59 7.42±6.05 .156

Shiftwork
  Yes 48 (32.9%) 53 (36.3%) 45 (30.8%) 146 (100.0%) .190
  No 7 (19.4%) 13 (36.1%) 16 (44.4%) 36 (100.0%)

Duty post
  Ward 42 (32.1%) 44 (33.6%) 45 (34.4%) 131 (100.0%) .462
  Others 13 (25.5%) 22 (43.1%) 16 (31.4%) 51 (100.0%)

Work satisfaction
  Yes 32 (29.9%) 42 (39.3%) 33 (30.8%) 107 (100.0%) .548
  No 23 (30.7%) 24 (32.0%) 28 (37.3%) 75 (100.0%)

All values are given as means±standard deviation or number. N, number.

Table 6.
Psychosocial and Job Stress Score according to Sasang Constitution
Sasang constitution p-value
Soyangin (N=55) Taeeumin (N=66) Soeumin (N=61) Total (N=182)
Psychosocial stress score 49.22±5.08 49.45±5.30 50.87±4.66 49.86±5.05 .154
Job stress score 60.07±5.91 59.63±5.41 60.93±3.71 60.20±5.08 .348

All values are given as means±standard deviation. N, number.

참고문헌

1.. Kim UC, Hong CS, Lee JG, Park YS. Factors influencing health and quality of life among allergy and asthma patients: With specific focus on self-efficacy social support and health management. Korean J of Pshchol and Soc Issues. 2005; 11:2. 143–81.


2.. Cha BS, Koh SB, Chang SJ, Park JK, Kang MG. The Assessment of Worker’s Health Status by SF-36. Korean J Occup Med. 1998; 10:1. 9–19.


3.. Chang SJ, Koh SB, Kang MG, Cha BS, Park JK, Hyun SJ, et al. Epidemiology of Pshchosocial Distress in Korean Employees. J Prev Med Public Health. 2005; 38:1. 25–37.


4.. Hong KJ, Tak YR, Kang HS, Kim KS, Park HR, Kwag WH, et al. The Job Stress, Job Satisfaction, and Health of Women Who Work in the Professional Job: Nurses and Teachers. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2002; 32:4. 570–9.


5.. Kim HC, Kwon KS, Koh DH, Leem JH, Park SG, Shin JY, et al. Korean J Occup Environ Med. 2005; 18:1. 25–34.


6.. Sohn SK, Kim MS, Lee YS, Park HK, Roh MY. The Mediating Effect of Social Support and Stress on Optimism and Psychological Well-being in Clinical Nurses. J of East-West Nurs Res. 2014; 20:1. 63–71.
crossref

7.. Sok SH, Kim KB. A Comparative Study on Sleep State, Satisfaction of Sleep, and Life Satisfaction of Korean Elderly Living with Family by Sasangin Constitution. J Korean Acad Psychiatry Ment Health Nurs. 2009; 18:3. 341–50.


8.. Yoo JH, Lee HY, Lee EJ. Perception and Ways of Coping with Stress of Sasangin. Korean J Adult Nurs. 2003; 15:2. 173–82.


9.. Jeon EY, Kim KB. A Research on Health State According to Stress Perceptual Level by Constitution of the Korean. J Korean Acad Nurs. 1992; 22:1. 17–28.


10.. Chun JH, Yang JS. A Riview Study for Developing Health Profiles to Measure the Self-Perceived Health Stati of Koreans. Korean J Prev Med. 2003; 36:1. 1–10.
crossref

11.. Kim SA, Park KS, Jang MK, Kam S. Medical Facilities Utilization According to Health Status Measured by SF-36 in Male Workers. Korean J Occup Environ Med. 2006; 18:4. 272–83.


12.. Shin HC. Measuring stress with questionnaires. J Korean Med Assoc. 2013; 56:6. 485–95.
crossref

13.. Kim SH, Koh BH, Song IB. A Study on the Standardization of QSCCⅡ (Questionnaire for the Sasang Constitution Classification Ⅱ). J of Sasang Const Med. 1996; 8:1. 187–246.


14.. Lee JC, Koh BH, Song IB. The Validation Study of the Questionnaire for Sasang Constitution Classification. J of Sasang Const Med. 1996; 8:1. 247–94.


15.. Kim YS, Suzuki S, Kim JM. Evaluation of the effectiveness of health questionnaire: THI. Korean Occup Med. 1979; 18:1. 18–28.


16.. Lim KH. A study on shifting nurses’ health conditions and job satisfaction. Unpublished [Master’s thesis]. Seoul: Hanyang University;2002.


17.. Goldberg D. Manual of the general health questionnaire. UK: NFER-Nelson;1978.


18.. Chang SJ. Standardization of collection and measurement of health statistics data. Korean Soc Prev Med. Seoul: Gyechukmunwhasa;2000. p. 92–143.


19.. Chang SJ, Koh SB, Kang DM, Kim SA, Kang MG, Lee CG, et al. Developing an occupational stress scale for Korean employees. Korean J Occup and Environ Med. 2005; 17:4. 297–317.


20.. Kim SO, So HY, Kim HL. A Study on the Fatigue and Health Promoting Behavior of Public Health Nurses and Hospital Nurses. J Korean Community Nurs. 2003; 14:4. 699–706.


21.. Kim HK, Lee TY, Kim KH. The Effects of Health Promotion Behavior of Shifting Nurses’s on the Health Conditions. J Korea Academia-Industrial coop Soc. 2010; 11:3. 1126–32.
crossref

22.. Cho OH, Han JS, Hwang KH. Subjective Health Status, Attitude toward Death and Spiritual Well-being of Nurses. J Korea Contents Assoc. 2013; 13:10. 375–84.
crossref

23.. Moon SS, Lee SB. A Study of Health Behavior through Comparative Analysis of Self-perceived Health Status and Health Examination Results. J Korean Soc Health Educ and Promot. 2001; 18:3. 11–36.


24.. Oh YH, Bae HO, Kim YS. A Study on Physical and Mental Function Affecting Self-perceived Health of Older Persons in Korea. J Korean Gerontol Soc. 2006; 26:3. 461–76.


25.. Park AS, Kwon IS, Cho YC. Fatigue Symptoms and Its Related Factors among General Hospital Nurses. J Korea Academia-Industrial coop Soc. 2009; 10:8. 2164–72.
crossref

26.. Kim JS, Cho BL. Association between Self-Perceived Health Status and Health Related Behavior in Routine Health Examinees. Korean J Fam Med. 2010; 31:688–96.
crossref

27.. Chung JJ. The Effect of Hospital Environment on Employee’s Job Stress. Kor J Environ Health Soc. 2002; 28:3. 72–6.


28.. Kim NJ. Factors Associated with Stress of Employees. J Korean Soc Health Educ Promot. 2007; 24:1. 17–18.


29.. Kim MJ, Gu MO. The Development of the Stress Measurement Tool for Staff Nurses Working in the Hospital. J Korean Acad Nurs. 1984; 14:2. 28–37.


30.. Cha NH, Wang MJ, Kim JA, Lee KN. Difference of Physical Symptoms, PWI and JCQ according to Sasang Constitutions for Industrial Workers. J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2005; 16:4. 508–16.


31.. Sok SH, Kim KB. A Comparative Study of Depression and Quality of Life in Korean Elderly Women ßased on the Sasangin Constitution. J East-West Nurs Res. 2010; 16:2. 138–46.


32.. Kim MH. Factors Affecting Mental Health among College Students -Sassang Constitution and Ego State centered Approach-. J Korean Public Health Nurs. 2013; 27:3. 564–77.
crossref

33.. Han AK, Kim OS, Won JS. A Study on Job Stress and Coping Method by the Personality Types of Clinical Nurses. Clin Nurs Res. 2007; 13:2. 125–36.


34.. Kim SR, Kim HY, Kang JH. Effects of Type D Personality on Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, Compassion Satisfaction, and Job Stress in Clinical Nurses. J Korean Acad Nurs Adm. 2014; 20:3. 272–80.
crossref

Editorial office contact information
3F, #26-27 Gayang-dong, Gangseo-gu Seoul, 157-200 Seoul, Korea
The Society of Korean Medicine
Tel : +82-2-2658-3627   Fax : +82-2-2658-3631   E-mail : skom1953@daum.net
About |  Browse Articles |  Current Issue |  For Authors and Reviewers
Developed in M2PI