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JKM > Volume 35(3); 2014 > Article
YeeRan, Ji-Young, and Chang-Gue: Review of International Programs of Chinese Medicine University in China

Abstract

Objectives:

This study aimed to survey and report on the international programs for Chinese Medicine in China.

Methods:

Online research was conducted based on a survey of official websites of 25 universities of Chinese medicine. In certain situations, we used e-mail or phone calls to get more detailed information.

Results:

Among 25 universities of Chinese medicine, 22 operate international programs for Chinese medicine. The main contents of the programs are acupuncture, moxibustion, tuina, Chinese materia medica, cosmetology or qigong, and an average 400 foreign students finish each program yearly. China has maintained the lead in international education of traditional Oriental medicine, and has already established a systematic and remarkable infrastructure for globalization of Chinese medicine.

Conclusions:

This study can inform the development of strategy in the process of raising the competitiveness of Korean medicine in the world market.

Fig. 1.
Student number who had joined International Program in TCM University in China
jkm-35-3-125f1.tif
Table 1.
Overview of University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Name of the University Location Foundation year Program open Official Web-site
1 Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine16) Nanjing 1954 1957 www.njutcm.edu.cn
2 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine17) Beijing 1956 1958 www.bucm.edu.cn
3 Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine18) Shanghai 1956 1975 www.shutcm.com
4 Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine19) Guangzhou 1956 1970 www.gzhtcm.edu.cn
5 Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine20) Chengdu 1956 1993 www.cdutcm.edu.cn
6 Guangxi University of Chinese Medicine21) Nanning 1956 1980 www.gxtcmu.edu.cn
7 Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine22) Jinan 1958 1958 www.sdutcm.edu.cn
8 Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine23) Tianjin 1958 1992 www.tjutcm.edu.cn
9 Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine24) Shenyang 1958 2006 www.lnutcm.edu.cn
10 Changchun University of Chinese Medicine25) Changchun 1958 1992 www.ccucm.edu.cn
11 Hubei University of Chinese Medicine26) Wuhan 1958 1986 www.hbtcm.edu.cn
12 Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine27) Fuzhou 1958 1987 www.fjtcm.edu.cn
13 Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine28) Zhengzhou 1958 1990 www.hactcm.edu.cn
14 Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine29) Xian 1959 1990 www.sntcm.edu.cn
15 Heilongjiang University Of Chinese Medicine30) Harbin 1959 1986 www.hljucm.net
16 Zhejiang Chinese Medical University31) Hangzhou 1959 1987 www.zjtcm.net
17 Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine32) Nanchang 1959 1993 www.jxtcmi.com
18 Anhui University of Chinese Medicine33) Hefei 1959 1997 www.ahtcm.edu.cn
19 Hunan University of Chinese Medicine34) Chansha 1960 1981 www.hnctcm.edu.cn
20 Yunnan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine35) Kunming 1960 1970 www.ynutcm.edu.cn
21 Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine36) Lanzhou 1978 2005 www.gszy.edu.cn
22 Shanxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine37) Taiyuan 1989 2002 www.sxtcm.com
23 Hebei Medical University of Traditional Chinese Medicine38) Shijiazhuang 1958 None www.xjmu.edu.cn
24 Xinjiang Medical University of Traditional Chinese Medicine39) Wulumuqi 1959 None www.xjmu.org
25 Guiyang college of Traditional Chinese Medicine40) Guiyang 1965 None www.gyctcm.edu.cn
Table 2.
Short-term Programs in University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Name of University Acupuncture/Moxibustio Tuina Chinese Material Medica Cosmetology Qigong Clinical Course Herbal Diet Health Preservation Others
1 Nanjing Univ O O O O O Taijiquan
2 Beijing Univ O O O O O Western Doctor
3 Shanghai Univ O O O O O O Taijiquan
4 Guangzhou Univ O O O O O O O O Orthopedics
5 Chengdu Univ O Western Doctor
6 Guangxi Univ O O O O O O Orthopedics
7 Shandong Univ O O O O O Western Doctor Taijiquan
8 Tianjin Univ O O O O O O Orthopedics
9 Liaoning Univ O O O O Taijiquan
10 Changchun Univ. O O O
11 Hubei Univ. O O O O O O O
12 Fujian Univ. O O O Taijiquan
13 Henan Univ. O O O O O
14 Shaanxi Univ. O O O O Orthopedics
15 Heilongjiang Univ. O
16 Zhejiang Univ. O O O O Diagnosis
17 Jiangxi Univ. O O O O O Taijiquan
18 Anhui Univ. O O O O
19 Hunan Univ. O O
20 Yunnan Univ. O O O O O
21 Gansu Univ. O O O
22 Shanxi Univ. O O O O

Total 22 Univ. 20 17 15 10 10 9 8 8
Table 3.
Contents of Short-term Programs in 4 Major Universities of TCM
Contents Beijing Univ. of CM Guangzhou Univ. of CM Shanghai Univ. of TCM Nanjing Univ. of CM
Acupuncture & Moxibustion Brief Introduction to Chinese Culture Basic Theories of Chinese Medicine, Chinese Diagnosis, Meridians and Acupoints, Acupuncture and Moxibustion Techniques, Acupuncture Therapeutics, Tuina, clinical practice. Basic Theory of Chinese Medicine, Meridians and Collaterals, Acupoints, Techniques of Needling and Moxibustion, Acupuncture Therapeutics, Clinical Practice in Acupuncture. Theory of yin, yang, five elements, qi, blood, body fluids, zang-fu organs, and etiology & pathogenesis, Tongue diagnosis, Pulse diagnosis, Syndrome differentiation according to the eight principles, qi, blood and zang-fu organs, Running courses of meridians, Locations and indications of points, Needling technique, Treatment principle, Pattern identification and formula for common conditions. Basic TCM theory, Basic acupuncture theory, Diagnosis and treatment of 25 common diseases according to TCM syndrome differentiation, as listed by the World Health Organization (WHO), e.g, windstroke, headache, somachache.
Duration 1 week-5 months 1 week -5 months 3 months 320 hours, including 130 hours clinical practice
Language English, Korean, Japanese English, Chinese, Korean, Japanese English, French, Japanese, Korean English

Chinese Material Medica Basic Theories of Chinese Materia Medica Clinical Application of Chinese Herbs Pharmacology of Chinese Materia medica Processing Skills of Chinese Herb Identification of Medicinal Herbs, etc. Basic Theory of Chinese Materia Medica, Clinical Application of Chinese Materia Medica, Pharmacology of Chinese Medicine, Processing Methods of Chinese Materia Medica, Identification and Authentification of Chinese Medicinal Herbs Elementary TCM theory, Basic Chinese pharmacology and prescriptions and through clinical observation, A grasp of diagnostic and therapeutic principles, An application of common Chinese herbal prescriptions and some patent TCM medicines according to TCM theory
Duration 1 week - 5 months 1 week -5 months 320 hours, including 140 hours practical experiences
Language English, Korean, Japanese English, Chinese, Korean, Japanese English

Tuina Basic Theories of Chinese Medicine, Tuina Massage, Manual Techniques clinical practice. Basic Theory of Chinese Medicine, Theory and Manual Techniques of Tuina Massage, Clinical practice. Essential theory of traditional Chinese medicine, Overview of Tuina, Basic tuina manipulation and tuina therapy for common conditions. Preliminary knowledge of TCM and Tuina, Skills in practical Tuina techniques, Syndrome differentiation of common diseases such as shoulder arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and other conditions that respond well to Tuina therapy
Duration 1–4 weeks 1–4 weeks 2 weeks 240 hours, including 120 hours of practice
Language English, Korean, Japanese English, Chinese, Korean, Japanese English English

Cosmetology Basic Theories of Chinese Medicine, Western Dermatology, Chinese Medicine Dermatology, Cosmetology and Weight Loss Theory and techniques. Basic Theory of Chinese Medicine, Basic Theory of Dermatology of Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine, Theory and Manual Techniques of Cosmetology and Reducing Weight by Chinese Medicine. Essential theory of traditional Chinese medicine, TCM cosmetology and cosmetic manipulation
Duration 1–2 weeks 1–2 weeks 1 week
Language English, Korean, Japanese English, Chinese, Korean, Japanese English, French, Korean, Japanese

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